Japan Railway & Transport Review No. 1 (Inside front cover & inside back cover)

Tokyo Station

The first railway in Japan was opened in 1872 between Shimbashi and Yokohama. Tokyo Station was built 42 years later in 1914; the main building was designed by architect Kingo Tatsuno. The domes of the original Renaissance-style three-storied brick building were destroyed during WWII. The present two-storied building is mainly the result of post-war temporary repairs.
Today, as Tokyo's equivalent of Grand Central Station, Tokyo Station serves about 3,800 trains daily on eleven lines including the Tokaido, Tohoku, Joetsu and Yamagata Shinkansen. It is the nation's fourth busiest station after Tokyo's major commuter terminals, Shinjuku, lkebukuro and Shibuya and is the largest station in terms of number of trains, train-fare revenues, number of employees and total floor area.

Photo: Double-decker commuter train at elevated platform.
Photo: Commuters during rush hour 1.8 million passengers crowd the station every day.
Photo: The concourse Keiyo platforms are underground.
Photo: Safety control rooms
Fire detection, air conditioning and other safetyoriented installations are monitored around-theclock in three hazard control rooms located on the ground and underground floors.
Photo: Experimental solar-power panels on platform roofs
Figure: 3-D Plan of Tokyo Station
Photo: Renovation under way
Tokyo Station being renovated to make space for the Hokuriku Shinkansen scheduled to open in 1997.