Japan Railway & Transport Review No. 47 (pp.2–4 & 35–39)


20 Years After 1987 Rail Reforms

Developments by Railway Technical Research Institute (RTRI) (Photos: RTRI)

Photo: Unveiling ceremony (April 1987)
Photo: First RTRI public lecture (November 1988)
Photo: Yamanashi Maglev Test Line groundbreaking ceremony (November 1990)
Photo: New rolling stock test plant completion (November 1990)
Photo: First Railway Technology Exhibition (October 1991)
Photo: Brake test stands completion (January 1993)
Photo: Large-scale low-noise wind tunnel groundbreaking ceremony (June 1996)
Photo: Opening of Railway Technology Promotion Center (July 1996)
Photo: First test run on Yamanashi Maglev Test Line (April 1997)
Photo: World Congress on Railway Research 1999 at RTRI (October 1999)
Photo: Wheel-climb derailment test run (August 2001)
Photo: Manned world record speed of 581 km/h on Yamanashi Maglev Test Line (December 2003)
Photo: Wear test machine for current collecting materials for high-speed railways (January 2004)
Photo: Super high-speed train model launching equipment completion (March 2004)
Photo: Unveil fuel-cell railcar (September 2006)

Sale of former railway land by JNR Settlement Headquarters (JNRSH)

JNRSH disposes of land and other assets inherited from the former JNR, a task previously carried out by Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation (JRCC). JNRSH acquired the assets and work of the Japanese National Railways Settlement Corporation (JNRSC), which was established in 1987 as a result of the JNR privatization and division. (Photos: JNRSH)
・Land parcels JNRSH working to sell
・Sale of land inherited from former JNR
Of the 9,238 ha of land inherited from JNR, 98% (9,054 ha) was sold between April 1987 and the end of March 2006, netting approximately ¥7 trillion. The total still held in FY2006 is approximately 184 ha and JNRSH is continuing to make concerted efforts to sell this land.(Continued on p.35)
・Sold land is being redeveloped as core centres of urban development.

Photo: Umeda Freight Terminal in Central Osaka
Photo: Musashino Marshalling Yard (20 km northeast of Tokyo)
Photo: Former Shinagawa Goods Station and Rolling Depot (above) and Shiodome Freight Terminal (below). Both in central Tokyo.

20 Years After 1987 Rail Reforms (Continued)

・History of JNR Settlement Headquarters (JNRSH)
・Balance and settlement of long-term debts at dissolution of JNRSC
・Breakdown of income and expenditure of JNRSH

20 Years of Ticketing Terminals by JR Systems (Photos: JR Systems)

M Series
・This series of early MARS seat reservation and ticketing terminal series sold a full range of tickets, including passenger tickets, seat reservations, etc.
・It had functions for handling pre-set route sales and ticket editing and issued tickets quickly using online distributed processing.
・Sales results, such as number of tickets issued, proceeds, etc., and various sales statistical data could be output online.
・Credit card sales were supported too.

MR 1/2
April 1992~
・This new model achieved greatly reduced costs by using a general-purpose UNIX-based computer.
・It had Japanese kana-character based train and station search functions as well as help functions, offering much improved usability.
・The latest information on new train services, stations, etc., could be downloaded automatically using an SKS screen touch panel.

November 1995~
・Further cost reductions were achieved by using high-performance Windows-based PCs.
・Operating efficiency was increased too with help functions for automated journey advice, etc.
・This model was the first terminal to support data input using a mouse.

January 1998~
・This terminal was based on the same concept as the MR12, but added touch-panel input for better operability.

May 2003~
・This terminal is based on the same concept as the MR20 but integrates the touch console with the CPU for a reduced footprint and better space efficiency.
・High usability and lower costs were achieved by simplification through use of a direct thermal printing method.
・Communications costs were cut by using IP network communications.
・And faster processing speeds are achieved by using dual redundant hard disks (RAID).

February 1994~
・This was the first terminal with a dedicated interface for operation by passengers at the ticket wicket themselves and it supported both ticket issuing and reservations.
・More terminals were made available by using the MR series terminals as servers and sharing communications circuits.

September 1996~
・Based on experience gained from the MV1, in addition to handling seat reservations, unreserved seats, and passenger tickets, this model also had functions for through ticketing and free journey breaks and transfers.
・As well as issuing through Edmonson tickets and season passes, it also issued ticket books for reserved seats.

May 2002~
・The MV30 inherited the functions of the MV10 but offers expanded functions, such as better usability and support for IC cards.
・This model reduces the workload of station staff by using two rolls of ticket paper and a function allowing replenishment of coin change while tickets are being sold.
・It cuts communications costs by using an IP-network connection, eliminating the need for shared communications for servers.
・Faster processing speeds are achieved by using dual redundant hard disks (RAID).

September 2003~
・This terminal has very similar functions to the MV30 but it cannot accept cash payments and is a stand-alone low-cost compact model.
・High usability and lower costs are achieved by simplification through use of a direct thermal printing method.

April 1995~
・This terminal was developed using the server functions of the MR terminal and the editing function of the L model. It also had a dedicated interface for vacant seat display terminals.
・It achieved lower communications costs by sharing communications circuits with the MR server model.
・It combined the Vacant Seat Information controller and Vacant Seat Information Display developed by the travel agent business.

April 1995~
・This terminal was the successor to the MD1 and adopted a standard interface for connecting other equipment, such as displays, to cut costs and reduce the setup workload at installation.
・The display could be divided into two vertical and two horizontal fields.
・It also supported VSD.

October 2002~
・This successor to the MD10 cuts communications costs by using an IP-network connection, eliminating the need for shared communications for servers.
・The displays use the latest thin high-resolution plasma display panels and liquid crystal displays.
・Although the MD1 and MD10 data could only be updated by downloading, the MD30 terminal program can also be updated.

History of SoftBank Telecom (Photos: SoftBank Telecom)

Telecommunication business Iiberalization in April 1985.
Japan Telecom (former) was established in October 1985.
Start of telecommunications service as new entrant carrier in August 1986.
Railway Telecommunication Co., Ltd. logo
Railway Telecommunication acquired a license to operate as a Type 1 telecommunications carrier in March 1987.
Photo: Merger of Railway Communication and Japan Telecom (former) in May 1989.
Photo: Hatchobori company building
The head office was relocated in May 1993.
Photo: Stock exchange listing press conference
Japan Telecom was listed on section 2 of the Tokyo and Osaka stock exchanges in September 1994.
Photo: Merger with International Telecom Japan Inc.
The merger of Japan Telecom and International Telecom Japan in October 1997 created the first telecommunications company in Japan offering both domestic and international services.
Photo: Joint press conference with BT and AT&T
Japan Telecom entered into a comprehensive tie-up agreement with BT and AT&T in April 1999.
Photo: The company transmitted high-definition TV from the South Pole region to Japan in February–December 2003.
Photo: Part of SoftBank Group
The company became part of the SoftBank Group in May 2004.
Photo: Shiodome company building
The head office was relocated in January 2005.
SoftBank Telecom Corp. logo
The company name changed from Japan Telecom to SoftBank Telecom in October 2006.